skip to Main Content


After 15 years of multilateral work and negotiation, the Treaty of the High Sea was finally adopted by the United Nations on 19 June 2023 in New York. This agreement, also known as the treaty on Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ), establishes the legal framework to protect the biodiversity in waters in the high seas beyond national boundaries covering nearly two-thirds of the global ocean.

The new treaty comprises 75 articles that aims at (i) conserving the marine environment and ocean ecosystem, (ii) tackling the threat of plastics pollution, (iii) reducing overfishing, over-exploitation, and ocean acidification, (iv) lowering ocean temperatures, and (v) supporting the sustainable development agenda in terms of the conservation and sustainable use of oceans, seas, and marine resources. This agreement also reinforces the United Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) which provides rules governing all uses of the oceans and marine ecosystem.

Attending the United Nations’ meeting on the Treaty of the High Seas, the Vietnamese Ambassador Dang Hoang Giang appreciated this achievement as a milestone of the international commitments and efforts to protect and sustainably utilise the ocean in areas beyond national jurisdiction. According to its sustainable development of the sea economy strategy toward 2030, with the vision to 2045, Viet Nam strives to become a strong sea-based nation which takes responsibilities and participates actively in addressing international and regional issues in seas, oceans, and their resources.

Ambassador Dang Hoang Giang and the Vietnamese delegation at the Intergovernmental Conference on Marine Biodiversity of Areas beyond National Jurisdiction (Photo: VNA)

The treaty will open for signature on 20 September this year and will come into effect 120 days after having been ratified by 60 countries.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Registered offices
Bonn and Eschborn, Germany

Friedrich-Ebert-Allee 36 + 40
53113 Bonn, Germany
T +49 228 44 60-0
F +49 228 44 60-17 66

Dag-Hammarskjöld-Weg 1 – 5
65760 Eschborn, Germany
T +49 61 96 79-0
F +49 61 96 79-11 15


Registered at

Local court (Amtsgericht) Bonn, Germany: HRB 18384
Local court (Amtsgericht) Frankfurt am Main, Germany: HRB 12394

VAT no.

DE 113891176

Chairperson of the Supervisory Board

Jochen Flasbarth, State Secretary in the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development

Management Board

Thorsten Schäfer-Gümbel (Chair)
Ingrid-Gabriela Hoven (Vice-Chair)
Anna Sophie Herken

Unsubscribe | Here you can unsubscribe from this newsletter.

In charge of this newsletter:
Daniel Herrmann,
IKI Interface Vietnam
GIZ Office Vietnam
Project “Support to Vietnam for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement II” (VN-SIPA II)

Editor: Tran Xuan Quynh

Photo Credits:
tuoitre, pixabay

The IKI Vietnam Newsletter is administered by the IKI interface in Vietnam hosted by GIZ. It informs regularly about news of climate change and biodiversity projects in Vietnam financed by the International Climate Initiative (IKI). The International Climate Initiative (IKI) is an important part of the German government’s international climate finance commitment. Since 2022 the IKI is implemented by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK) in close cooperation with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection (BMUV) and the Federal Foreign Office (AA).

IKI Independent Complaint Mechanism (IKI ICM)

Any person who is (potentially) negatively affected by an IKI project, can file a complaint via the IKI Independent Complaint Mechanism (ICM). 

It works to enable people who suffer (potential) negative social and/or environmental consequences from IKI project. ​

  • Any person or a group of persons, or a community that has been or may be affected negatively by an IKI project may file a complaint.​
  • Persons wishing to do so can report integrity and/or corruption issues, such as misuse of funds, fraud etc.​
  • If persons experience reprisals in relation to an IKI project or a complaint, they can also use the mechanism. The affected person(s) can authorise a representative to file and pursue the complaint on their behalf.​

To find more information or to file a complaint go to:​

Back To Top